The Balinese have traditionally given physical and
symbolic expression to their cultural values, religious
beliefs and social order through the visual, performing,
and ritual arts and through the form of their traditional
built environment. Over the past three decades or so,
the Island of Bali has become one of the world’s major
mass tourism destinations and caters to the “fantasy of
the idyllic tropical paradise” and the “experience of an
exotic culture”. This mass tourism that simultaneously
consumes as well as supports the traditional environment
has altered the traditional built environment in Bali and
affected traditional Balinese culture in many ways.
The case of Bali forms a basis for a critique of mass
tourism and tourist developments that disturb the
traditional connections of culture, architecture and place.
The discussion also contributes to the debate and discourse
on architectural integrity, authenticity and meaning in
the built environment at the beginning of this new
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