The amalgam of cultures that shaped Cyprus’ unique
identity has also contributed to its turbulent history,
as reflected in its capital city. Nicosia, the capital
city of the strategically located island in the
Mediterranean Sea, is a unique settlement as being the
only divided city in Europe. Although the blame is
frequently put on the intervention of Turkey to the
island as one of the guarantor countries in 1974, the
physical separation of the city between two communities
dates back to 1963. As the increasing tension and
consequent inter-communal clashes resulted in the
establishment of the ’Green Line’, which was then
transformed into a ‘Buffer Zone’ in 1974. Unlike other
cities, which have been touched by war, Nicosia has not
been afflicted with overwhelming destruction or total
devastation of infrastructure, but suffered from the break
in its urban structure.
After a brief overview of the evolution of the city as
well as the physical, social and political situation of
the city, the aim of this paper is to put forward problems
that arose due to the physical separation; efforts of the
two communities to work together on the future of their
town under the auspices of the international community,
and bi-communal projects that are being implemented.
Considering the increasing possibility of reaching an
acceptable solution to the Cyprus conflict, the possible
impact of the solution will also be highlighted.
It should be noted that the author who is a Turkish
Cypriot herself, tried to be as objective as possible
given her emotional and intellectual attachment to the
issue beside her cultural perception and ethnic identity.
An Abstract to read the whole article login.......