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INCREASING REGULATIONS VERSUS DEREGULATION IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY - The Sense of Harmonization

Abstract
By : B. Bielefeld , N. Meister

 
Evidently, the unprecedented intergovernmental market created by the European Union is also of great importance to the building and construction market. In order to shape and control this vast economic space, an extensive administrative apparatus has been installed. However, many regulations have proven to be impractical in practice or even unfit for their respective purposes. Therefore, efforts to standardize regulations and to simplify their application are afoot within the EU. At the same time, many member states face considerable changes on the national level. Due to long periods of recession and corresponding tight financial conditions, the field of building construction has seen the removal of regulations and a shift of responsibilities from state institutions towards private and industrial property developers and planners. On the other hand, prospective new EU member states strive to reconcile their legal systems. Given the abundance of tasks and required judicial modifications, national structures are often formed in analogy to existing examples, like the German judicial system. The immense extent of new regulations encounters massive criticism among the population of some countries. This article aims at identifying common features as well as contradictions within the different approaches. The consequences of harmonization in the European Community will be pointed out.
Keywords : Building Regulations, Deregulation, Harmonization, European Community, Single Market.

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