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TRANSFORMATION OF TRADITIONAL ENVIRONMENTS: THE SPATIAL GEOGRAPHY OF CULTURE AND BUILT-FORM IN SRI L

Abstract
By : Ranjith Dayaratne

 
This paper examines the transformations that have been taking place in culture and built form in Sri Lanka and their spatial geography mooted by the open economic policies introduced in the 1970 s and the subsequent developments. It analyses the major facets of the dominant Sinhalese culture having located them within the sacred and profane realms, nature and its social make up. Major characteristics of the traditional culture and built-form are identified and through a longitudinal study of six case studies around the southern region, the study elucidates the major transformations and the social and societal forces behind them. The paper proposes three models for understanding such cultural transformations; Conventional-Sri Lankan, Transitional- Sri Lankan, and Euro-Sri Lankan, the forms of which could also be used in other similar situations.
Keywords: Culture, Built - Form, Tradition and Transformation

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