Work on the design and implementation for solar homes has been expanded to the community scale in several
international projects. If low-carbon emission housing is to make an impact on citywide consumption of energy, we must
move towards community-scale implementation of solar technologies, both in new housing developments and in existing
ones. However, the uptake of solar communities requires new methods for implementation to promote innovation
in the building industry, new policies and programmes on energy consumption and energy subsidies, as well as community-
scale design guidelines for solar or other renewable technologies.
This research surveys the implementation process of selected solar community projects in Netherlands, United States
and Canada. It looks at new policies and programmes that are promoting community-scale solar projects from the perspective
of innovation in the building industry. It examines the various actors that are necessary for solar communities
within an urban planning framework and identifies five main actor groups.
Keywords : Building Industry, Solar Communities, Technology & Knowledge Transfer, Zero Energy.
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