Cities and the neighbourhoods within are dynamic and change continuously. Vital neighbourhoods can cope with
changing circumstances like outdated use, changing household compositions, consumer preferences and fashions,
political turnovers, global trends and economic cycles. Sustainable areas are vital and flexible to changes. Sustainable
urban renewal results in sustainable areas. However, what is sustainable urban renewal, and why is quite a lot of
renewal policy, as history shows, not very sustainable? European urban renewal policy can be divided into three separate
periods, in which different ideas prevailed. This article shows these three periods on four points of view, the contents,
the process, the area and a time-focus, and elaborates these on one particular country, the Netherlands.
Keywords : Urban Renewal, Sustainable Areas, Housing, Urban Policy, Sustainable Urban Renewal.
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