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WHICH IS BETTER, SOCIAL HOUSES OR GECEKONDUS? AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON IZMIRíS RESIDENTS

Abstract
By : Ebru Cubukcu

 
This study applied Salamaís (2006, 2007) framework for affordable housing research and compared house and neighborhood satisfaction and future house aspirations of low income residentsí who are dwelling in two different types of affordable houses; social houses and gecekondus in Izmir, Turkey. The study applied survey technique and 54 residents (27 in social housing area and 27 in gecekondu area) were interviewed. The results showed that residentsí family characteristics were different on some issues (education, employment, household size) and similar on others (homeownership, income, duration of residence, and life style). Physical conditions were poor in both areas, but were far worse in gecekondus. Residentsí evaluations of the current house and the neighborhood confirmed this argument. Despite such differences in physical conditions, when residentsí general satisfaction with the house and the neighborhood was compared, residents of the two areas gave similar positive responses. In fact, majority of both residents reported that the house and the neighborhood had a positive effect on their life. Moreover, both residentsí aspirations for future house were similar and limited in two areas. The applied value of these results and areas for future research are discussed.
Keywords:Affordable Housing, Social Housing, Gecekondu, Squatter Settlements, Shanty Towns.

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