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COMPARISON OF POST-DISASTER HOUSING PROCUREMENT METHODS IN RURAL AREAS OF TURKEY

Abstract
By : Nese Dikmen, Soofia Tahira Elias-Ozkan and Colin Davidson

 
Earthquakes strike without warning, even though they are known to recur. It is nonetheless difficult to mobilize resources to plan for them in advance, despite the high social and economic costs that can be anticipated, and despite the humanitarian obligation to provide quality and safe housing. This research examines two post-earthquake housing reconstruction projects in rural areas of Turkey, where different procurement strategies were used. A top-down strategy was adopted in Dinar after the October 1995 earthquake; and a bottom-up strategy, was adopted in the Orta district in Cankiri after the June 2000 earthquake in the region. Based on information obtained from government agencies, building contractors and the projects beneficiaries, a comparison has been made between the two procurement methods. While no generalized conclusions can be drawn as the projects were conducted in the particular circumstances that prevail in rural areas of Turkey it is possible to highlight key factors that can properly influence future housing procurement processes.
Keywords: earthquake, housing procurement, housing reconstruction, top-down approach, bottom-up approach, community participation. COMPARISON OF POST-DISASTER HOUSING PROCUREMENT METHODS IN RURAL AREAS OF TURKEY

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