Search By


Editorial Vol 37 no 1

By : Nicholas Wilkinson RIBA

The composition and subject balance of manuscripts in this Open Issue of OPEN HOUSE INTERNATIONAL range from experimental housing, through to mass customisation to Post-Disaster housing procurement methods and community oriented high rise building and Open Building. Starting with the Validity of PREVI, Lima, Peru, (p.6, Salas and Lucas, 2011) the focus is on an evaluation some forty years later after initial construction. Then on to Mass Customization of Housing, Malaysia, (p.16, 2011) for promoting customer satisfaction and contributing in the long run to sustainability of the housing industry. The overall conclusion was that there is a promosing future for customised housing coming directly from prospective buyers. In both cases large scale industrialised operations are the key words BUT rather than huge three dimensional elements, the proposals opted for precast small elements on an industrial basis deployed in a rationalised construction philosphy thus allowing users to participate in the design and building process. Manuscripts in this issue further develop community and participatory themes. Post-Disaster Housing Procurement Methods, Rural Turkey (p.28, Dikmen, Elias-Ozkan and Davidson, 2011) is shown by studies into two post earthquake renovation projects. Here insight is gained into a top-down strategy in Dinar 1995 and a bottom-up strategy in Cankiri 2000. Both these procurement methods are compared which highlight better ways of influencing future housing procurement processes after earthquake disasters. In the case fo Bukchon Hanoks, Seoul (p.40, Yun, 2011) successful examples of integrating modern facilities with traditional house forms are shown incorporating resident ideas and memories in the design process. In a similar way the ‘fareej’manuscript, (p.48, Ahmed, 2011) which by definition ‘fareej’ is the smallest unit in the residential urban context in the UAE, works towards ‘a community oriented design for high rise residential building in the UAE. Running concurrently with this change and participatry theme in this ‘open’ issue of Open House International we move towards an Open Building approach for informal settlements in Mamalodi, South Africa (p.71, Gottsman and Osman, 2011). Founded on the idea that what is needed is a dynamic service core which leads to open ended, healthy and progessive buiding. There is clear evidence of an organic architecture always changing, always growing and avoiding the fixity and singularity of a finite designed product. Alienation in Jordan (p.83, Al Haija, 2011) comes round again not this time in the context of large scale mass housing but of government demolishment of rural villages due to lack of public services and lack of inhabitants. Given some resources the local community could focus their efforts to protect and rehabilitate their long established habitat and traditions. Villages become abandoned in spite of their considerable human and material potentialities. The last article deals with two houses in the rural context in an Aegean village in Turkey (p.93, Ayci and Boyacioglu, 2011). But more than just and appraisal the article tries very successfully to link the design of two houses by Han Tumertekin to the local context at the same time “without denying the universally enlightening content of the modernist project”. This is the definition of critical regionalism.

This is An Abstract to read the whole article login.......




© - All Rights Reserved