In recent decades, Iranian vernacular architecture has defined the local architectural identity by demonstrating distinctive
characteristics. Defining such a critical role for vernacular studies has led to different approaches in the design of
the contemporary architecture of Iran. The first approach of integrating vernacular and contemporary designs has
focused on local people, their needs, local construction, and building materials. The revival of vernacular architectural
design and building elements has been at the forefront of this approach in Iran. However, recent use in Iran has concentrated
on the symbolic/abstract reuse of vernacular building forms. Vernacular architecture is known to merely provide
for the functional requirements of buildings, and not for aesthetic purposes. Conversely, in the second approach,
vernacular building elements are considered to be symbols of local identity. This paper will argue that although the symbolic
reuse of vernacular features may not uphold the functional expectations of the vernacular form, this reuse is useful
in reviving architectural identity. In addition, underscoring such a different role for vernacular building features in
contemporary architecture might help to expand the realm of vernacular studies. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to
provide an overview of the conversion of vernacular architecture in Iran by focusing on the instance of wind-catchers.
Wind-catchers typically were used in residential buildings and are considered potent symbols of climate adaptation. In
contemporary architecture, however, a form of wind-catcher has been used as a symbol for local architectural identity.
Through this transformation, the essential nature of the wind-catcher has found new life in the contemporary architecture
Keywords: Vernacular, Symbol, Identity, Wind-Catchers, Iran.
An Abstract to read the whole article login.......