Traditional architectural forms and structures develop under the influence of such physical and non-physical determinants
as climate, topography structure, socio-cultural values, economy and technology, and are based on centuries
of accumulated knowledge. This study is an analysis of the rural Yayla settlements of four towns in the province of
Antalya, located on Turkeys Mediterranean coast. The southern inclines of the Taurus Mountain range facing the
Mediterranean, are host to number of rural settlements at different altitudes that bear some region-specific architectural
features. This study aims to understand settlement pattern and house design features that have developed
under the specific climate, socio-cultural and socio-economic conditions of the traditional households in rural yaylas
in the different bio- climatic zones of the region. The study has revealed that designs have developed over time to
result in spaces that are comfortable and climate sensitive, and which attribute importance to the local resources, economy
and culture; and that the housing designs have developed offer natural means of heat control and ventilation.
The new understanding offered in this paper may contribute to the conservation of the local cultural features of the
area, allowing their sustainable perpetuation into the future and serving as examples of good design practise for future
Keywords: South-Eastern Mediterranean Region; Sustainable Architecture; Yayla Settlements;
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