With many natural disasters such as earthquakes, cyclones, bushfires and tsunamis destroying human habitats around
the world, post-disaster housing reconstruction has become a critical topic. The current practice of post-disaster reconstruction
consists of various approaches that carry affected homeowners from temporary shelters to permanent housing.
While temporary shelters may be provided within a matter of days as immediate disaster relief, permanent housing
can take years to complete. However, time is critical, as affected communities will need to restore their livelihoods
as soon as possible. Prefabricated modular construction has the potential to drastically improve the time taken to provide
permanent housing. Due to this time-efficiency, which is an inherent characteristic of modular construction, it can
be a desirable strategy for post-disaster housing reconstruction. This paper discusses how prefabricated modular structures
can provide a more time-efficient solution by analysing several present-day examples taken from published postdisaster
housing reconstruction processes that have been carried out in different parts of the world. It also evaluates
how other features of modular construction, such as ease of decommissioning and reusability, can add value to postdisaster
reconstruction processes and organisations that contribute to the planning, design and construction stages of
the reconstruction process. The suitability of modular construction will also be discussed in the context of the guidelines
and best practice guides for post-disaster housing reconstruction published by international organisations. Through this
analysis and discussion, it is concluded that prefabricated modular structures are a highly desirable time-efficient solution
to post-disaster housing reconstruction.
Keywords: Post-Disaster Housing Reconstruction, Prefabricated Modular Structures, Natural Disasters, Time-Efficient
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