The urban population in the developing world will double by the year 2030 increasing the pressure in the housing sector
that already suffers from the lack of adequate and affordable housing. Egypt, similar to most countries in the developing
world, witnesses a huge deficit in the housing units needed for low-income groups. Since the mid Nineteen
Seventies, the Egyptian government adopted and implemented a variety of low-cost housing development strategies
including: site and services schemes, core housing projects, partially completed housing units in apartment blocks, and
totally finished housing projects. The huge informal housing sector in Egypt has proved the ability of the low-income
groups to build for their own-selves. Thus, the incremental housing approach was one of the approaches that were
adopted by the Egyptian government to solve the housing problem. Ebny Baitak or “Build Your House” is an incremental
housing approach and one of the approaches undertaken by the Ministry of Housing, Utilities, and Urban Development
within the National Housing Program to solve the housing problems of low-income groups in Egypt. This paper discusses
the recent Egyptian experience in encouraging the participation of low-income groups in the construction process
of their own houses through an incremental housing program “Ebny Baitak project”. The paper also derives the implications
that could be learned from this experience towards better application in the future.
Keywords: Incremental Housing, Housing Policies, Housing Problems in Egypt, Ebny Baitak Project, Sixth of October
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