Using the latest census data (2010), this paper investigates housing poverty conditions in Shanghai, the largest city in
China. The data shows that a large fraction of Shanghai households are still living in excessively over-crowded housing.
Meanwhile, the incidence ratio of housing poverty among migrants is more than five times than among natives. In
particular, 45% of rural migrant households were living in housing poverty. Poverty decomposition analysis shows that
approximately 70% of total housing poverty in Shanghai is attributable to rural migrants. Our finding is supported by
estimating the multidimensional poverty index (MPI). The findings in this paper have significant implications to general
housing policy making in urban China.
Keywords: Housing Poverty, Poverty Decomposition, Housing Policy, Shanghai.
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