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HOUSING POVERTY IN POST-REFORM SHANGHAI: PROFILES IN 2010 AND DECOMPOSITIONS

Abstract
By : Yina Zhang, Jie Chen

 
Using the latest census data (2010), this paper investigates housing poverty conditions in Shanghai, the largest city in China. The data shows that a large fraction of Shanghai households are still living in excessively over-crowded housing. Meanwhile, the incidence ratio of housing poverty among migrants is more than five times than among natives. In particular, 45% of rural migrant households were living in housing poverty. Poverty decomposition analysis shows that approximately 70% of total housing poverty in Shanghai is attributable to rural migrants. Our finding is supported by estimating the multidimensional poverty index (MPI). The findings in this paper have significant implications to general housing policy making in urban China.
Keywords: Housing Poverty, Poverty Decomposition, Housing Policy, Shanghai.

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