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NON-LINEAR MODEL IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE SOCIAL HOUSING: The Case Study of Ovca Housing Project in Belgrade.

Abstract
By : Dušan Stojanović, Pavle Stamenović,

 
The aim of this paper is to reconsider the conventional approaches in architectural design for social housing that lead to low adaptability of architecture regarding spatial needs of its inhabitants. This research explores the potential of non-linear model in architectural design of sustainable social housing. Sustainability is commonly interpreted through categories of socio-economic availability, notwithstanding the fact that demands of Contemporary living greatly exceed the scope of this definition.

One of the methods to integrate sustainability into social housing design is to incorporate specific users' needs into the design process itself. The aim is to specify the common ground for negotiation between all actors in the process. Such a platform could enable multiple options allowing flexibility and a higher level of quality, as well as the comfort of sustainable living.

This design approach is developed in the case study project for Ovca social housing community in Belgrade. This project is conceived as an infrastructural system that precedes the building as a finite architecture, therefore anticipating inhabitants' involvement in the design process. The non-linear model of architectural design is enabled trough a drawing as a tool of communication. Since it is carried out according to previously defined values, this iterative procedure establishes a specific set of outputs that can later be evaluated and modified in accordance to users' spatial needs. Therefore, the drawing becomes a tool that allows a variety of designing processes while the most important role still belongs to the architect and the user. Such iterative design process creates preconditions that enable the inhabitants to appropriate the space of living, which legitimizes the aim to transfer the design process from conventional towards the non-linear model of architectural design.

Keywords: non-linear model, sustainable housing, iterative design process, housing types

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