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SUSTAINABLE BUILDING FAÇADES: MODERN USAGE OF THE TRADITIONAL MASHRABIYA.

Abstract
By : Reem Abdelkader, Jin-Ho Park

 
Architecture is considered to be a mirror of societies that reflect the natural environment and social values of its people. The vocabularies oftraditional architecture are used for specific functions to respond to various issues. Mashrabiya,as a wooden window screen in old times,was introduced to cover openings and windows for social and climatic reasonsthat reflectparticular eras in Middle Eastern areas. With modern technology, Mashrabiya has been reintroduced with changes in its design, mechanism, and materials.
This study examined the use of Mashrabiya inhistorical and environmental aspects of architecture in Middle Eastern areas. First, this paper discusses the historical and cultural background, and comparesthe different typologies of Mashrabiya indifferent areas because its shapes differslightly from country to country.The techniques of Mashrabiya in contemporary architectureare then investigated in terms of how it has been adapted in contemporary buildings. Finally, its potential optionsin contemporary buildings are discussed.

Keywords: Mashrabiya, Rawshan, Screen, Façade, Sustainable

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