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TBA INTERNATIONAL ( Time-Based Architecture International )

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ISSN 1754-4661 (Print)

Starting in the Spring of 2008 TBA International is a full colour quarterly journal maximising on images and architectural design aspects of projects drawn from architectural practices in the European context. ‘Time-based' indicates that the time factor is a primary design criterion where projects may also have been designed  with close collaboration of client  management  and with user design inputs. Thus all projects in TBA International show how they can adapt and how they respond to change. Short texts support the colour images describing project aims and the project functions. In every project the supporting structure and the finishing equipments used by users to sustain activities are visible. The  work of firms of  architects, from  different  countries, covering  different  building types  all of which  are time based in concept, execution and use will be published


During the 20th century it became increasingly clear that architecture is by no means a timeless medium. To begin with, artists and architects like Constant, Friedman, Archigram and the Metabolists merely toyed with the notion of time. In the late 1960s, however, serious research was done into techniques that would allow buildings to adapt to meet the demands made by time. This was  especially  true  in  the   housing  sector where after  many  years a new  rationale emerged described  as 'open  building' where the management or users took part in the design process.  This  open-endedness was  not confined  to  housing and  time  based  designs spread   to most  other building types.  The desire for flexibility, per se, often led to programmatically neutral, characterless buildings. Flexibility became synonymous with blandness and the word subsequently slipped from the architect's vocabulary.

Society is changing at such speed that buildings are faced with new demands which they should be in a position to meet. There are times when buildings change function during construction or even during the design process. For example, the currently weak office market has caused many property developers to alter ongoing projects for office buildings into housing. This usually means that the plans need redeveloping from scratch. A new approach, therefore, is to design buildings that are able to cope with such changes, in other words buildings that respond to the time factor.

Going  back to the  sixties, designing for the unknown, the unpredictable, was a new  challenge facing architects both then and more so  today. What role  could and should users play in  the design  process. The challenge in  time based  architectural design was considered even greater  than before.   'Form follows function' is giving way to concepts like ‘function follows form', ‘two level design', ‘polyvalence', ‘changeability', ‘flexibility', ‘disassembly' and ‘semi-permanence'. Design is becoming an innovative tool for developing new spatial and physical structures that correspond to observable levels of intervention in the environment. Not all of these questions can be dealt with in journal format  but   the  buildings published will reflect some of these issues and  may  give  rise to some clues which could have some impact on design disciplines and related activities 

TBA. Director, Dr. Bernard LEUPEN & Dr. Nicholas WILKINSON

TBA. Director, & Publisher

Nicholas Wilkinson, RIBA, AA Dipl.
Asst. Professor, Eastern Mediterranean University , Faculty of Architecture, TRNC
DPU Associate, University College , London , UK
Director, The Urban International Press , UK .


TBA Chief Co-ordinating Editor

Dr. Bernard Leupen, Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology,

The Netherlands . E-mail:

Editorial Board TBA.

Dr. Beisi Jia
Hong Kong School of Architecture.
Dr. Ir. Bernard Leupen
Delft University of Technology, Delft , The Netherlands
Dr. Fuad Mallick,
Brac University, Bangladesh.
Dr. Ashraf Salama,
Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Dr. Ulpu Tiuri,
Dr. Helen G. Welling,
The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen , Denmark.
Dr. Nicholas Wilkinson,
Eastern Mediterranean University , Faculty of Architecture,TRNC Ir..
Dr. Jasper van Zwol,
Delft University of Technology, Delft , The Netherlands .
Dr.Sigrid Loch
Institude for Housing and Design, University of Stuttgart, Germany.
Prof. Dick van Gameren
Faculty of Architecture(Chair) Technical University Delft.

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